History of CAO of IRAN History of CAO of IRAN

Short History of Civil Aviation Organization    (CAO)

One day in 1917 toward the end of World War I ,the inhabitants  of Tehran observed an  airplane  for the  first  time  flying  low  over  Te-hrasky. Athere was no airport in Tehran at that timethe pilot landed on the site othe present Foreign Ministry and the Constabulary.This  airplane  habeen  made  in  Russia  and  its  parts  were  carried  in  a box  by  car  from Bandar Anzali to Tehran and werasse-mbled  in Tehran and a Russian pilot flew  the airplane.

Thrapid progress of developed countries in the fieldof industry, technology and tradeattracted the attention of the government authorities to thnew and rapidly developinindustrof aviation. Following thinterest of different countrietoward thuse of this technolo-gy. The Iraniagovernment assigned thexclusivright of aviation in Iran to a German aviation company calleUnkers in February       1926.

ThSaid Company openeitbranch in Iran in 1926 and establisheair routes to Mashhad, Shiraz, Bandar Anzali and Bushehr cities by importing a number of Unkers airplanes and undertook the transportation of mail and passenger.

In1938a pilot club waestablished with a number of 20 airplanes. In August 1946, the government established a department called thGeneral Department of CiviAviation.

The said Department started itwork in one room in the lowestory oShamsolemara Building with onboss and one employeeOne      year later. The place of this Department was moved to Mehrabad Airport with a budgeamounting to 300,000 TumansAbout three years later, i.e. on Jul181949the Civil Aviation Law was ratified by the Parliamenand the General Department of Civil Aviation came under control of the Ministry of Roads.

In 1974The said Departmenwarenameas Civil Aviation Organization and went under supervision of thMinistroWar. Upon victory of the Islamic Revolution and upon approval of thRevolution Councilit waseparatefrom the   Ministry of War on Februar25,1979 and joined the Ministry of RoadanTransportation. Iorder  to  get  familiar  with  the  Civil  Aviation  Organization   which  itoday   res-ponsible   for  governing   the   air  transportation industry as a blooming and highly transcendent   organizationit  just needtbe saithat after thIslamic  Revolution  and in spitof the problems  during  the eight   years   of   war   and   the   dismissal    of   the   foreign  experts, all responsibilities and tasks were undertaken by  the capable Iranian specialists and the number of airports in the country reac-hed from 22 airports before the Revolution to 70 operational airports and the number of passengers reached from nearly three millions   before the Revolution to about 20 million passengers per year.